Troy Stabenow earned his law degree from the University of Iowa in 1997. He then served eight years on active duty with the U.S. Army's JAG Corps. During five years abroad (one in Korea and four more in Germany), he tried numerous, internationally sensitive cases and rose to become the senior prosecutor for a seven-office region in Hesse and the Rheinland-Pfalz. In 2003, he requested a transfer to defense work. He returned to the United States and assumed duties as the Senior Defense Counsel for a three-attorney office at Fort Riley, Kansas. Troy tried cases throughout the Midwest and became known nationally for trial advocacy and computer crime defenses.
In 2005, Troy resigned from active duty to become an Assistant Federal Public Defender for the Western District of Missouri. He helped open our Jefferson City office in March of that year and has remained in that position ever since.
In 2008, Troy authored a paper entitled "Deconstructing the Myth of Careful Study: A Primer on the Flawed Progression of the Child Pornography Guidelines." That paper dramatically changed the Judiciary’s attitude towards child pornography sentences and was immediately cited in case opinion around the country. In 2012, he published a follow-on article that documented changes in sentencing policies, analyzed recidivism studies in the field, and proposed better ways to tailor sentences to the offender. His work has been the subject of federal opinions in almost every circuit. He has also published works on grand jury procedures and victims’ rights in federal court. He regularly speaks around the country to large audiences on computer crimes and creative sentencing practices.
In addition to his position as an Assistant Federal Public Defender, Troy has also served as an adjunct professor at the University of Missouri Law School, the U.S. Army's Judge Advocate General's Legal School and Center in Charlottesville, Virginia, and Greenville University.
Troy has been the author of the ongoing, four-volume "West Federal Forms for District Courts - Criminal (2022)" for the last fourteen years. He serves on the 8th Circuit Criminal Jury Instructions Subcommittee.
Troy retired from the U.S. Army Reserves in 2018.